Fellows of the International Society for Neuroethology
James Simmons (“Jim”) is Professor of Neuroscience at Brown University in Rhode Island, USA. He has been working on the echolocation of bats since he was a graduate student. He is a pioneer in the field of biosonar. His research includes behavioral and neurophysiological studies of sound processing in the echolocating bat. From the time he began his research in the late 1960s to the present, Jim has been at the absolute forefront of bat echolocation research. He has been responsible for many innovations, developing new methods for conducting psychophysical studies of sonar processing by bats. Numerous researchers around the world have adopted his methods. Jim was the first to use electronically delayed playbacks of the bat's echolocation signals to simulate target echoes for the study of perception in bats. He was the first to demonstrate time-varying gain in the sonar receiver of echolocating bats. More recently, he has used new methods for making thermal infrared video recordings of bats flying in natural situations and has developed a stereo video viewing system that lets him observe bats in 3D and listen to their sounds while they behave. Jim was honored as a Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA) in 1996 and as Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2000. He was awarded the ASA's second Silver Medal in Animal Bioacoustics in 2005.
The highly original, groundbreaking field studies of auditory and seismic communication and correlated physiological investigations with amphibians and mammals of Peter Narins (Department of Integrative Biology & Physiology, UCLA, USA) have altered our understanding of how animals perceive their world. To date, Peter has carried out 54 overseas expeditions on all seven continents plus Madagascar. Although primarily focused on amphibians as a model system for understanding of auditory signal extraction from noise, Peter’s research has also contributed fundamental insights into the mechanisms underlying the generation, propagation and detection of seismic signals by amphibians, mammals, and more recently, insects. Peter is the consummate teacher and excels as a scientific mentor and communicator. He has been a consistently strong voice for neuroethology both in the US and abroad through his work on various Editorial Boards and participation as an invited instructor for 15 overseas Neuroethology/Bioacoustics/Sensory Biology graduate courses in Latin America and Europe. He has served the International Society for Neuroethology as Society President, Treasurer, and Council member. Peter’s research has produced nearly 200 publications resulting in numerous honors and awards for his outstanding work including election to the rank of Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America, the Animal Behavior Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Franz Huber’s pioneering work on the neural basis of acoustic communication in crickets remained at the forefront over the course of a career that spanned more than four decades.
Franz played a lead role in deciphering the neural basis of song production in crickets, and the mechanisms underlying song recognition and sound localization in these small creatures. His studies had a profound influence on the field and helped guide the search for answers to the question: how does the nervous system generate and control a specific behaviour?
Franz completed his doctorate at the University of Munich in 1953. He accepted a position at the Institute for Animal Physiology in Tübingen in 1954, and in 1960 he was promoted to Associate Professor. In 1963, Franz was offered a position at the University of Cologne, where he worked for 10 years as Professor in the Department of Animal Physiology. He then moved to Seewiesen to become Director of the Division of Neuroethology at the Max-Planck-Institute for Behavioral Physiology, a position he held until his retirement in 1993.
As the founding father of cricket neurobiology, Franz helped shape the field of Neuroethology as a whole. Not only his research, but also his warmth, enthusiasm and his outstanding abilities as a communicator have inspired many to follow in his footsteps. Franz was co-founder of ISN, and he continues to this day to be a strong and effective advocate for Neuroethology.
Eve Marder ’s work showing that neural circuits can be reconfigured by neuromodulatory neurons and substances to produce a variety of outputs, together with her pioneering studies of homeostatic regulation of intrinsic membrane properties, changed the way we think about neural circuits, and about the functional properties of neurons.
Eve completed her graduate work at University of California San Diego under the guidance of Allen Selverston, where she started her lifelong work on the crustacean stomatogastric ganglion. She worked as a post-doctoral research fellow at the Ecole Normale Superièure in Paris before becoming a faculty member at Brandeis
Eve has received many prestigious awards. Together they reveal the impact Eve has had on many different disciplines. Eve is much admired and respected for her scientific insights, but she is equally well known for her mentoring of young investigators, her support for women in science and her outstanding abilities as a science communicator.
Eve ’s work has had a profound impact on the field of Neuroethology, and on Neuroscience as a whole.
Ed Kravitz received his B.S. in Biology and Chemistry from City University of New York (1954) and his Ph.D. in Biological Chemistry from the University of Michigan (1959). He worked as a postdoc at NIH (1958-1960), before being recruited to Harvard in the early 1960’s. Kravitz was part of a small team of scientists who discovered that GABA functions as a neurotransmitter compound at crustacean neuromuscular junctions. In the 1970’s, Ed and his team began studying the role of serotonin and octopamine as neuromodulators in crustaceans. This led to analyses of aggression in crustacean systems and more recently, to molecular analysis of aggression in the fruitfly.
Ed’s scientific contributions, including his seminal discoveries on the function of GABA, his pioneering use of Procion Yellow to visualize neuronal architecture, and his insights into the modulatory actions of monamines and their role in aggression have had a deep and resounding impact on the field of Neuroethology. Ed has devoted his career to research, teaching and mentoring young scientists. He is a strong and effective advocate for Neuroethology, and his service to the International Society for Neuroethology has been truly outstanding.
Tom Collett’s research has been devoted to understanding visually guided behavior in a large range of animals including flies, frogs, gerbils, ants and bees. The impact of his research spans from basic neurobiology to psychology with his seminal work on visual homing continuing to be a key conceptual touchstone for comparative cognition and biorobotics. Tomʼs continued passion for experimental science means that, even after retirement, he is still to be found in the lab almost every day.
Tom was one of the earliest appointments in the newly founded University of Sussex. Together with a small cohort of neurobiologists, he helped to establish the University of Sussex as a center for Neuroethology in the UK. Subsequently, many successful neuroethologists have spent time at Sussex benefiting from Tomʼs insight, support and generosity of spirit.
Tom is a dedicated teacher and mentor. His students and collaborators universally speak highly of his patience, skill and generosity. More broadly, through his service on editorial boards and grant funding bodies Tom has been a constructive force for neuroethology in the UK and beyond.
Darcy Kelley is widely recognized for her pioneering research on the endocrine and neural basis of vocal communication and the evolutionary forces that have given rise to sex specific mechanisms. She developed courtship song in Xenopus frogs as a model system for understanding the sexual differentiation of vocal muscles and motor neurons.
With key insights from an innovative fictive singing preparation of the isolated brain, Darcy was able to define, for the first time, a hindbrain vocal pattern generator and to determine how vocal patterns are switched in response to socially salient acoustic cues.
Darcy has contributed fundamental insights into how brains respond to social opportunity and social challenge at the level of the neural circuit.
Darcy is also an influential science educator. At Columbia she founded the interdisciplinary undergraduate major in neuroscience and behavior and she played a key role in the creation of the undergraduate core course "Frontiers of Science.” She also founded Columbia's doctoral program in neurobiology and behavior almost 20 years ago and still serves as its director today. Darcy’s work on vocal communication exemplifies the kind of impact that neuroethology can have on the entire discipline of neuroscience. Her research impact, together with her innovative and dedicated educational contributions elevate Kelley to the very top echelon of neuroethologists.
Tom Cronin’s research has had a profound impact on the field of neuroethology and in particular, on the field of visual ecology.
Tom completed his doctorate on the sensory ecology of larval crabs in Richard Forward’s laboratory at the Duke University Marine Laboratory in 1979. Before joining the Faculty at the University of Maryland in Baltimore County (UMBC), he spent 3 years as a Postdoctoral Fellow working with Timothy Goldsmith at Yale University investigating the properties of crustacean visual pigments. In 1983, he joined the Department of Biological Sciences at UMBC, where he has remained to this day.
Tom’s research, which combines his interests in sensory ecology and visual photobiology, has led to nearly 200 publications. While he is interested primarily in the visual physiology of invertebrates, especially of marine and estuarine crustaceans, his lab motto is “If it has eyes, we can study it!”
Tom has contributed many invited talks and reviews. He is an excellent communicator, a highly respected mentor, and his work has attracted many awards. In 2002, Tom was elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Robert R. Capranica
Robert (Bob) Capranica is one of the Society's founders and was largely responsible for defining what neuroethology is. He is also widely considered the “Father" of amphibian neuroethology. His seminal thesis observation of the specificity of the bullfrog’s acoustic behavior led to a series of elegant experiments that culminated in the demonstration that the frog's thalamus is the site of neuronal tuning responsible for the detection of the mating call. He was able to confirm the remarkable specificity of spectral and temporal processing that occurs in the anuran CNS and was responsible for elevating natural sound processing by the anuran auditory system to the level of the other vertebrate neurethological models, such as the jamming avoidance response of weakly electric fish, echolocation in bats, sound localization in owls, etc. Some of Bob’s major contributions include his multiple studies showing species-specificity in the spectral sensitivities of the frog auditory system; with Nevo, on acoustic dialects in cricket frog calls demonstrating the existence of distinct call types in allopatric populations; his introduction of the concept of the “matched filter” to provide an underlying structure for the co-evolution of sender and receiver; and his studies elucidating the remarkable temporal specificity found in the cells of the anuran CNS that are often closely matched with advertisement call features.
During his years at Cornell University, Bob trained a large cadre of graduate students and post-docs, many of whom are now distinguished leaders in the field of neuroethology. He has also continued selflessly to promote neuroethology through his endowment of the Capranica Prize that has inspired and motivated many young outstanding neuroethologists. It is therefore most fitting that Robert Capranica, a true giant in the field, be honored as Fellow of the Society for Neuroethology.
Donations can be made to the Capranica Prize Fund to support the Capranica Prize.
John G. Hildebrand
The outstanding research career of John Hildebrand (University of Arizona) has been devoted to understanding the olfactory system of the sphinx moth Manduca sexta using multidisciplinary and pioneering experimental approaches that have ranged from development to chemical and sensory ecology, and from molecules to behavior. His groundbreaking fields of investigation, which have led to almost 200 publications, have included the development of the antennae and olfactory system, novel transsexual transplantation experiments, the first intracellular recordings from insect olfactory interneurons, pioneering immunocytochemical studies on neurotransmitter distribution, olfactory signal transduction, and more recently, multi-electrode recordings and behavioral studies on odor-dependent flight control.
John was instrumental in establishing the Arizona Research Laboratory's Division of Neurobiology a unique, world renowned center for neurosciences, particularly through the use of the insect as a neuroethological model system. Under John's stimulating and creative mentorship, many of his students and post-docs have gone on to establish internationally recognized research groups in their own right. John's other notable achievements have included founding the Gordon Conference in Neuroethology, and through his outstanding qualities as a teacher, he has made major contributions to public science education and educational methodology, as well as participating in numerous international schools, workshops and teaching programs. He has also served on a variety of editorial boards and government agencies, and received numerous awards and honors for his outstanding scientific accomplishments, including Fellowships to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences. John Hildebrand's service to the ISN has also been exemplary, including Society Presidency and membership on numerous subcommittees. The honor of Fellow of the Society is thus a most deserving reward for this internationally acclaimed leader in the field of neuroethology.
The pioneering studies of Masakazu (Mark) Konishi (Caltech) on the bird song system and sound localization are legendary and embody the very essence of neuroethology. In initial ground-breaking experiments at Berkeley he was the first to demonstrate that birds have to hear themselves to sing, and learn to sing from their fathers, thereby revealing the importance of auditory feedback for song development. By successfully employing the neuroethological paradigm of relating cells and networks to behavior, his subsequent studies on barn owl sound localization at Princeton, and later at Caltech, led to the discovery of a map of auditory space in midbrain auditory circuitry. In songbird, his group found neurons selective for the bird's own song and established the role of hormones in the early differentiation of brain vocal control areas.
Mark has been exceptionally influential in his role as a mentor and teacher to an extensive list of students and post-docs who through his stimulating insights and training have gone on to establish their own highly successful careers in neuroethology. He has also had a profound impact on the development of neuroethology generally, being a founding member of the ISN, its 2nd president, and the driving force behind the Society's first International Congress in Tokyo. Mark was elected to the National Academy in 1985 and has received numerous honors and awards including the F. O. Schmitt Prize (1987), the International Prize for Biology (1990) from the Emperor of Japan, the Gerard Prize in Neuroscience (2004), the Karl Spencer Lashley Award from The American Philosophical Society (2004), and the Peter and Patricia Gruber Prize in Neuroscience (2005). Mark Konishi has brought the highest standards and enormous credit to the field of neuroethology and amply justifies the attribution of Fellow of the Society.
Michael F. Land
Michael (Mike) Land (University of Sussex) represents the quintessential neuroethologist, conducting ground-breaking investigations on the comparative physiology of the optics of a wide range of animals, ranging from invertebrates (principally insects, crustaceans and mollusks) through humans, combining these with behavioral analyses to provide novel insights into how eye design can predict and explain behavior. His work has included seminal studies on the physiological optics of scallop eyes, the properties of multilayer ocular reflectors in the molluscan eye, the visual behavior of jumping spiders, insect orientation, vision in deep sea crustaceans, optics of spider eyes, vision in clams, and eye movements in a variety of taxa including humans. In the latter, the analysis of eye movements that accompany actions, such as driving a car, has led to a novel understanding of vision as an active process in which perception depends upon, and is mediated by, our actions.
In a massive and distinguished publication corpus, including a plethora of papers in Nature, Science, Current Biology, etc., Mike has written or co-authored the textbook classics, Optics and Vision in Invertebrates, Animal Eyes and most recently Looking and Acting: Vision and Eye Movements in Natural Behavior. In addition to the innovative methodologies and fundamentally important findings of his research work, Mike is a gifted writer and inspirational speaker and teacher, factors which together have contributed substantially to making neuroethology the respected and important field that it is today.
Mike Land has received numerous accolades for his accomplishments, including election as a Fellow of the Royal Society (at age 40!), and is a supremely worthy awardee of Fellow of the Society.
Randolf H. R. Menzel
Through his lifelong passion for studying the neurobiology and behavior of the honey bee, Apis mellifera, Randolf Menzel (Free University of Berlin) has been hugely instrumental in defining the present day field of neuroethology. In recognizing the usefulness of the honey bee as a model system, his pioneering research has contributed to our understanding of odor and visual processing, learning and memory, and spatial navigation, from the level of the organism and its behavioral ecology to the underlying substrates at the cellular, molecular and genetic levels. His seminal work on learning and memory, in particular, has helped identify where associative memory storage occurs in the insect brain, how brain neural circuits establish memory traces, and the dynamics of memory formation. Importantly, his work on learning and memory in the simpler, more accessible honey bee has provided important insights into the mechanistic basis of memory formation in other animals, including humans.
In addition to an outstanding publication record (running to several hundred original articles, numerous reviews and book editing), his passion for research and his skills as a mentor and teacher have inspired his many students and post-docs to outstanding success in their own right within the field of neuroethology. A previous President of the Society and recipient of many awards for his outstanding contributions to science from Academies in Germany, Norway and Europe at large, Randolf Menzel's selection as an ISN Fellow is a richly deserved accolade for this gifted scientist and true champion of neuroethology.
Rüdiger Wehner (University of Zürich) has pioneered the field of animal navigation through his research on the ability of the visually guided desert ant Cataglyphis to seek, find and return food sources located at a distance from its nest. Through multidisciplinary and imaginative behavioral experiments, anatomical investigation of the animal’s compound eyes and electrophysiological study of its visual pathways, he has made groundbreaking discoveries on how the ant uses celestial cues as a compass, monitors its footsteps to measure travel distance, continuously computes a real time representation of its position relative to the nest, uses landmarks to monitor and correct progress, and employs navigational strategies to search for missing targets. Together his findings have provided a complete tool kit for understanding the field of navigation, and underpin our current understanding of the field. The corpus of his work, which has led to more than 200 publications, including papers in the highest impact journals (Science, Nature, PNAS, Current Biology) and co-authorship of a seminal textbook in zoology, has made an outstanding contribution to the field of neuroethology, fully capturing and promoting the ethos and aims of the Society.
He has also shown outstanding leadership in educational and outreach fields and is committed to promoting science and neuroethology in particular. Through his outstanding communication skills and his efforts to bring science to the public at large, he has become one of the world’s best known neuroethologists. He has been elected to several highly prestigious scientific societies and academies in Switzerland, Europe and the USA. A long term member of the ISN, including serving as a Society Councilor, Rüdiger Wehner abundantly deserves to be honored as a Fellow of the Society.
Candidates for Fellow must have been a member of the ISN continuously for at least the six years prior to nomination and must currently be a member of the ISN.
Fellows are recognized for meritorious efforts to advance the science of neuroethology. These include any of the following: A significant corpus of published research that forms a distinct and important contribution; leadership in educational and outreach efforts including public science education, international education, and educational methods; extraordinary service that promotes science and particularly neuroethology.
Fellow nominations may be made by any current regular, lifetime, or emeritus member of the ISN. The Nominees must not be a member of the nominator’s current department or immediate institute nor be a doctoral or postdoctoral associate of the nominator (current or in the past ten years). Nominations must include: a letter from the nominating member detailing the qualifications of the nominee and providing evidence of achievements that demonstrate fulfillment of the criteria; supporting letters from two additional current members of the ISN; a brief biographical sketch of the nominee (< 250 words) that includes educational and professional background and a description of the achievements for which the nominee is being recognized.
A call for nominations shall be made no later than 6 months before the start of the ISN Congress.
The deadline for submission of nominations shall be 3 months before the start of the Congress.
Selection of Fellows
The Fellows Review Committee shall consist of three members of the ISN Council who did not submit nominations and two members-at-large who did not submit nomination. The ISN President shall appoint the members of the committee. Committee members shall serve for a maximum of two Congress intervals. The ISN President shall appoint one returning member of the committee to serve as chair. The composition of the committee should reflect the demographic and scientific diversity of the ISN. The Fellows Review Committee shall review the nominations and select no more than five Fellows. The Fellows Review Committee may request special permission from Council to increase the number of Fellows. Justification must be provided to the Council for this request. The selection of Fellows should take into account the demographic and scientific diversity of the ISN. The Fellows Review Committee shall forward the names and applications of the selected Fellows to the ISN President no later than one month before the start of the Congress. The ISN President shall present the report of the Fellows Review Committee to Council for final approval. The Council may veto any nomination.
There shall be no monetary award or compensation associated with being named a Fellow of the ISN.. Fellows shall be notified of the award immediately so that they can attend the International Congress and receive recognition there. Names, pictures and a brief biography of each Fellow shall be posted on the ISN website.
The deadline for submitting nominations is April 30, 2018. Send materials in the form of a single PDF file to Joyce Lancaster at: email@example.com
Selection of the recipient of the Prize will be based entirely on scientific merit, irrespective of race, creed, sex, age, or nationality.
ISN Fellows Selection Committee